Berat belongs to the rare cities where life begins from the ancient antiquity and continues without interruption to date. Two stone hammers date the beginning of life in the first Bronze Age (2600-1800 BC). Archaeological evidence shows that in the nineteenth century. VII-VI P.Kr. Here is a prominent settlement, with its pottery workshops and with a differentiated social life. At the borders of legend and history, this settlement is said to have been the ancient Orestiada, so named because there was a tribe of Pelasgians, the Orestes, the first of whom was Oresti, the son of Agamemnon.
The genuine city was founded in 313-310 BC. as the castle city of Dasaretia, called Antipatrea by King Cassandra in remembrance of the Vicar General of Leka i Madh. This is the first name of the city. After the Roman invasion in the nineteenth century. II P.Kr. he was called the Albanorum Oppidum (Fortress of the Arberites). In the nineteenth century. V, under the Byzantine Empire, was reinforced and changed its name to Pulheriopolis (Beautiful City). Occupied by the Bulgarians in the 20th century. IX, was renamed Belgrade (White City) – today’s Berat.
In 1961 Berat was officially declared a museum city. It is a museum city with significant monuments of rich and diverse genres, which constitute a testimony of the cultural, historical and artistic heritage of life and work, crafted neatly from generation to generation by its inhabitants. By zoning and determining the category of monuments, the city is divided into three areas: museum area, protected area and free zone.
Today Berat inherits 210 museum objects, of which 150 are standing facilities. Of these, 60 are monuments of the first category and the others of the second category.
On July 8, 2008, Berat was registered on the UNESCO list by the World Heritage Committee at the forthcoming Conference held in Canada. Berat was considered a rare example of typical Ottoman architecture.